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Google Involvement in Genetics

How, where and why Alphabet and google get involved, invest, collaborate with genetic programs.

"the intimate, inner and profound character - what is inner and secret; the close and profound character (of a bond); the intimacy of a person, his intimate, private life; the pleasure, comfort of a place where one feels completely at home, isolated from the outside world." Paul Robert, Le Grand Robert de la Langue Française, 1994

The human genome saved from speculation - By awarding the 2002 Nobel Prize for Medicine to Sydney Brenner, H. Robert Horvitz and John Sulston on December 10 for their discoveries on the genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death, the Stockholm Nobel Academy also rewards three of the key players in the formidable scientific endeavour that will lead to the release of the entire human genome sequence into the public domain in 2003. An outcome that was not self-evident, in the face of the appetites aroused by genetic patents." source : https://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/2002/12/SULSTON/9777

Biological monitoring is the means by which biological science is used to track, monitor, analyze and transform bodies into data. It is the extraction of DNA and microbes from the skin, nails, hair and body fluids. It is the analysis of the identifying parts of the body and the individual such as the face, voice, fingerprints and irises. It is the monitoring of life itself by body heat, pulse, sweating, bacterial flora and specific involuntary movement. It is the vulnerability that we are all confronted with every day by the very situation of being human, simply by having a body.

When genetic databases cover 2 percent of the population, nearly anyone can be identified.

"Even if you’ve never taken a DNA test, a distant relative’s could reveal your identity" Source : Whashington Post -Carolyn Y. Johnson , October 11 at 2:00 PM


Contents

Google Genomics

Google Wants to Store Your Genome. For $25 a year, Google will keep a copy of any genome in the cloud

Source : MIT Tech Review, by Antonio Regalado November 6, 2014

Google genomic code repository in github : https://github.com/googlegenomics

In terms of providing cloud bioinformatics infrastructure, the two more direct competitors are DNANexus [1] and Seven Bridges Genomics[2].

Integrative Genomics Viewer (IGV)

IGV Desktop supports browsing of reads from the Google Genomics Reads API and also from BAM files in Google Cloud Storage. It implements an OAuth flow to facilitate access to private data in addition to public data.

Documentation : https://googlegenomics.readthedocs.io/en/latest/use_cases/browse_genomic_data/igv.html

Google and 23andMe

"Home DNA test results from the 5 million customers of 23andMe will now be used by drug giant GlaxoSmithKline to design new drugs, the two companies announce." source nbc news, by Maggie Fox / Jul.25.2018

"The company was founded by Linda Avey, Paul Cusenza and Anne Wojcicki in 2006 to provide genetic testing and interpretation to individual consumers. In 2007, Google invested $3,900,000 in the company, along with Genentech, New Enterprise Associates, and Mohr Davidow Ventures. Wojcicki was married to Google co-founder Sergey Brin at the time."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/23andMe

Alphabet, google invests

DeepMind Technologies Limited is a British artificial intelligence company founded in September 2010. The company is based in London, but has research centres in California and Canada.

Acquired by Google in 2014, the company has created a neural network that learns how to play video games in a fashion similar to that of humans,[5] as well as a Neural Turing machine, or a neural network that may be able to access an external memory like a conventional Turing machine, resulting in a computer that mimics the short-term memory of the human brain.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DeepMind

Invests and partnerships

March 2018

Google partners with Wuxi NextCode to bring genomic sequencing to the cloud.

The partnership includes hosting WuXi NextCODE's core suite of capabilities on Google Cloud and its availability on the Google Cloud Launcher marketplace.

These include GORdb, WuXi NextCODE secondary analysis, the Sequence Miner case-control research application, and the Clinical Sequence Analyzer clinical interpretation system.

Source : https://www.mddionline.com/google-moves-genomics-latest-collaboration

August 2016

Google & Stanford Launching Clinical Genomics Service

"Over more than a decade we’ve known Google as a search engine, but Google is not just a search engine which answers your queries, it’s more than that. Google offers various products that include YouTube, Google+, Gmail, Google Maps and much more. Google has already covered all the sectors of Information Technology, and now Google is growing beyond that. There are so many projects that are running under the hood of Google like the Self-driving car, Project Loon, and Energy kite. Google’s mission is to organize the world of Information, and now that will include our DNA information too"

source : https://www.androidheadlines.com/2016/08/google-stanford-launching-clinical-genomics-service.html


Google talk and interest in genetic

March 2015

Google Ventures and the Search for Immortality Bill Maris has $425 million to invest this year, and the freedom to invest it however he wants. He's looking for companies that will slow aging, reverse disease, and extend life.

Source Bloomberg.com, By Katrina Brooker

August 2011

The Cognitive Genomics Lab at BGI is using this talk to kick off the drive for US participants in our intelligence GWAS. More information at www.cog-genomics.org, including automatic qualifying standards for the study, which are set just above +3 SD. Participants received free genotyping and help with interpreting the results. (The functional part of the site should be live after August 18.)

Investigating the genetic basis for intelligence - Steve Hsu - University of Oregon and BGI slides